Cách làm bài khi đề có yếu tố tuyệt đối (best/only/always/all/nothing/no/so sánh nhất...)IELTS WRITING TASK 2

· Writing

Bên cạnh hướng dẫn thêm cách phân tích cũng như bài sửa kĩ càng của học sinh IELTS TUTOR đã đi thi ngày 22/8 nhé, IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn kĩ Cách làm bài khi đề có yếu tố tuyệt đối (best/only/always/all/nothing/no/so sánh nhất...)IELTS WRITING TASK 2

I. Giới thiệu chung

1. Các từ tuyệt đối thường gặp trong đề IELTS WRITING TASK 2

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Các từ tuyệt đối thường chứa trong đề là best/only/always/all/nothing/no/so sánh nhất
  • Với các đề có các từ chỉ tuyệt đối, dạng opinion essay sẽ khó hơn các dạng khác (discuss both views hay 2 question) nên IELTS TUTOR tập trung hướng dẫn cách viết dạng OPINION ESSAY với yếu tố tuyệt đối nhé

II. Cách viết các đề có yếu tố tuyệt đối

1. Xác định đúng câu đề yêu cầu nêu quan điểm

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Cần xem kĩ từ tuyệt đối trong đề chỉ nằm ở context hay nằm ở ngay câu đề cần nhận định quan điểm vì đề bài IELTS WRITING TASK 2 dài sẽ rất dễ gây nhầm lẫn như IELTS TUTOR có hướng dẫn kĩ về Bố cục đề bài IELTS WRITING TASK 2 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • In many countries imprisonment is the most common solution to crimes. However, some people believe that better education will be a more effective solution. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
    • IELTS TUTOR giải thích:

      • Trong đề này, có thể thấy từ tuyệt đối chỉ xuất hiện trong context của đề còn câu cần bày tỏ quan điểm chính là "some people believe that better education will be a more effective solution" như vậy đề này vẫn làm như bình thường, nếu TOTALLY AGREE với quan điểm đề cho thì ở 2 đoạn thân bài cần nêu 2 lí do vì sao lại TOTALLY AGREE với quan điểm "better education will be a more effective solution"

2. Cách viết dạng opinion essay với yếu tố tuyệt đối

2.1. Giới thiệu chung

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Cũng giống như cách viết chung của dạng opinion essay, đối với những đề có các từ chỉ tuyệt đối như best/only/always/all/nothing/no/so sánh nhất... cũng sẽ có 3 cách viết:
    • Totally agree 
    • Totally disagree 
    • Partly 

2.2. Cách viết "totally"

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Đối với cách viết TOTALLY sẽ nêu 2 lí do vì sao lại TOTALLY với quan điểm đề cho 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

The growing number of overweight people is putting a strain on the health care system in an effort to deal with the health issues involved. Some people think that the best way to deal with this problem is to introduce more physical education lessons in the school curriculum. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Cách làm bài khi đề có yếu tố tuyệt đối (best/only/always/all/nothing/no/so sánh nhất...)IELTS WRITING TASK 2

2.3. Cách viết "partly"

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Đối với cách viết PARTLY sẽ ở intro nêu rõ quan điểm đề cho cũng đúng, bên cạnh đó bản thân cho rằng còn ý kiến khác cũng đúng
    • Body 1: nêu quan điểm đề cho đúng như thế nào 
    • Body 2: nêu ý kiến bản thân quan điểm khác cũng đúng chứ không chỉ mỗi quan điểm đề cho đúng 

Spoken communication is always more powerful than written communication. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

In this day and age, some people hold the belief that oral communication outclasses written communication in all aspects. While it cannot be denied that spoken communication is important, I do believe that an effective means of communication depends on the situation.

On the one hand, spoken communication entails not only words but also intonation and body gestures, which enormously contribute to the impact that the speakers exert on others. For further elucidation, in certain circumstances, presenting is a more effective approach to convey messages given that a speaker can appeal to more people with a unique tone and attractive body language than a long monotonous essay. A prime example is that in most of the electoral campaigns, candidates often deliver speeches to seek advocates instead of writing letters because their devotion and dedication can be more easily illustrated through words and gestures.

On the other hand, writing is undeniably an effective communication method because of its formality and reliability. To elaborate, a piece of writing often uses formal or academic terms, and it is rarely changed after being printed or made public. Therefore, the readers feel that they are respected, and the possibility of the information being misinterpreted or distorted is minimized. For instance, the power of written communication is demonstrated in the case of a letter sent to a customer or a legal document, indicating the fact that in some situations, oral communication is not preferable.

In conclusion, I am convinced that both speaking and writing are effective methods of communication, and a specific circumstance is the key factor to deciding which outperforms the other.

3. Cách viết dạng discuss both views với yếu tố tuyệt đối

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

    • Đối với dạng discuss both views and give your opinion chỉ cần nêu rõ mình theo quan điểm nào và ở body viết về quan điểm ủng hộ cần nhấn mạnh ủng hộ quan điểm đó 

    3.1. Cách viết "totally"

    IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

    • Nếu totally agree hoặc totally disagree với quan điểm đề cho chỉ cần nêu rõ mình theo quan điểm totally agree hoặc totally disagree và ở body viết về quan điểm ủng hộ cần nhấn mạnh ủng hộ quan điểm đó 

    3.2. Cách viết "partly"

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    Some people think that strict punishments for driving offences are the key to reducing traffic accidents. Others, however, believe that other measures would be more effective in improving road safety. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

    Cách viết dạng discuss both views với yếu tố tuyệt đối

    2. Cách viết dạng 2 question với yếu tố tuyệt đối

    Economic progress is often used to measure a country's success. However, some people believe that other factors are more important. What other factors should also be considered when measuring a country's success? Do you think one factor is more important than others?

    Cách viết dạng 2 question với yếu tố tuyệt đối

    III. Các đề có yếu tố tuyệt đối (best/only/always/all/nothing/no/so sánh nhất...)

    1. Best

    1.1. Dạng discuss both view

    IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

      1. Some people think that childcare centers provide the best services for children of preschool age. Other working parents think that family members such as grandparents will be better carers for their kids. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
      2. Some people say that the best way to improve public health is by increasing the number of sport facilities. Others, however, say that this would have little effect on public health and that other measures are required. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
      3. Some people think that newspapers are the best way to learn news. However, others believe that they can learn news better through other media. Discuss both views and give your opinion?
      4. Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. Others, however, believe that there are better alternative ways of reducing crime. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

      1.2. Dạng opinion essay

      IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

        1. Some people think that the best way to improve road safety is to let the drivers test each year. To what extent do you agree or disagree
        2. The growing number of overweight people is putting a strain on the health care system in an effort to deal with the health issues involved. Some people think that the best way to deal with this problem is to introduce more physical education lessons in the school curriculum. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
        3. Some people think that the best way to improve road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving a car or motorbike. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

        2. Only

        2.1. Dạng opinion essay

        IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

        1. The only way to improve safety on our roads is to give much stricter punishments for driving offences. What extent do you agree or disagree?

        2.2. Dạng discuss both view

        IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

        1. Some people believe that the only purpose of films is to entertain. Others say films should have educational value. Discuss both view and give your opinion.
        2. Many people say that the only way to guarantee getting a good job is to complete a course of university education. Others claim that it is better to start work after school and gain experience in the world of work. Discuss both views and give your opinion 
        3. Some people think that cultural traditions may be destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others believe it is the only way to save these traditions. Discuss on both sides and give your opinion.

        2.3. Dạng 2 question

        IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. Some people think that economic progress is the only way to measure a country’s success while others think that there are other factors which can be used to measure a country’s success. What are these factors? And among them, which one is more important than others? 

          3. All

          3.1. Dạng discuss both view

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. Some people think that zoos are all cruel and should be closed down. Others however believe that zoos can be useful in protecting wild animals. Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion.​

          3.2. Dạng opinion essay

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. Some teachers think that international student exchange would be beneficial for all teenage school students. Do you think its advantages will outweigh the disadvantages?

          4. Must

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. Government investment in the arts, such as music and theatre, is a waste of money. Governments must invest this money in public services instead. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
          2. Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end hunger and poverty while others say that economic growth is damaging the environment, so it must be stopped. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

          5. Nothing / No

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. Individuals can do nothing to improve the environment; only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
          2. Given high unemployment rate, it is recommended that the government only provide primary education and no secondary education. What do you think?

          6. So sánh nhất

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. People believe that individuals who make a lot of money are the most successful. Others say that those who contribute to society like scientists, teacher are the most successful. Discuss both and give your opinion?
          2. Many people say that universities should only offer places to young students with highest marks, others say they should accept people with all ages, even if they did not do well at school. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

          7. Always

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

          1. Spoken communication is always more powerful than written communication. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

          IV. Bài tập

          IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Brainstorm 12 đề bài phía dưới đây chú ý trình bày đúng theo mẫu

          • Brainstorm trình bày ngắn gọn cách làm theo hướng dẫn ví dụ sau: 
            • LÀM MẪU:

              • People living in large cities today face many problems in their everyday life. What are these problems? Solutions?

                • Intro câu 2 & Conclusion: theo công thức dạng 2 questions
                • Body 1: Trả lời câu hỏi số 1 (What are these problems?)
                  • Main idea 1: increased levels of pollution have been a great cause for concern among residents of big cities
                  • Main idea 2: The cost of living in urban areas is very high 
                • Body 2: Trả lời câu hỏi số 2 (Solutions?)
                  • Main idea 1: the government should reduce the number of vehicles in cities, which will definitely reduce the levels of air pollution
                  • Main idea 2: The government should provide financial support to those who are willing to relocate to rural areas.

          12 đề bài cần brainstorm:

          1. Some people believe that the only purpose of films is to entertain. Others say films should have educational value. Discuss both view and give your opinion.
          2. Many people say that the only way to guarantee getting a good job is to complete a course of university education. Others claim that it is better to start work after school and gain experience in the world of work. Discuss both views and give your opinion 
          3. Some people think that cultural traditions may be destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others believe it is the only way to save these traditions. Discuss on both sides and give your opinion.
          4. Some people think that zoos are all cruel and should be closed down. Others however believe that zoos can be useful in protecting wild animals. Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion. 
          5. Some teachers think that international student exchange would be beneficial for all teenage school students. Do you think its advantages will outweigh the disadvantages?
          6. Government investment in the arts, such as music and theatre, is a waste of money. Governments must invest this money in public services instead. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
          7. Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end hunger and poverty while others say that economic growth is damaging the environment, so it must be stopped. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
          8. Individuals can do nothing to improve the environment; only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
          9. Given high unemployment rate, it is recommended that the government only provide primary education and no secondary education. What do you think?
          10. People believe that individuals who make a lot of money are the most successful. Others say that those who contribute to society like scientists, teacher are the most successful. Discuss both and give your opinion?
          11. Many people say that universities should only offer places to young students with highest marks, others say they should accept people with all ages, even if they did not do well at school. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
          12. Spoken communication is always more powerful than written communication. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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