Phân tích đề"In many countries, children are becoming overweight and unhealthy. Some people think that the government should have the responsibility. To what extent do you agree or disagree?" IELTS WRITING TASK 2

· Writing

Bên cạnh Phân tích bài essay về "The number of visitors in the UK" IELTS WRITING TASK 1 (table), IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Phân tích đề"In many countries, children are becoming overweight and unhealthy. Some people think that the government should have the responsibility. To what extent do you agree or disagree?" IELTS WRITING TASK 2

I. Đề bài

In many countries, children are becoming overweight and unhealthy. Some people think that the government should have the responsibility. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

II. Kiến thức liên quan

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Childhood obesity: Béo phì ở trẻ em
  • Fast food (n) /fɑːst/ /fuːd/: thức ăn nhanh
  • Junk food (n) /dʒʌŋk//fuːd/: đồ ăn vặt
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Many people have a habit of eating junk food whenever they watch movies, which may lead to weight gain and increase in stroke risk.
  • PE – Physical Education (n) /ˈfɪzɪkl/ /ˌedʒuˈkeɪʃn/giáo dục thể chất
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Schools needs to leave more budget to develop PE for their students.
  • Epidemic (n) /epɪˈdemɪk/: dịch bệnh
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • If a flu epidemic hit England this September, and more than eight million people will be suffering from it.
  • Diagnose (v) /ˈdaɪəɡnəʊz/: chẩn đoán
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Many urbanists have been diagnosed with cancer due to their unhealthy eating habits.
  • Disorder (n) /dɪsˈɔːdə(r)/: rối loạn
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Eating disorder, including inadequate or excessive food intake, can do damage to an individual’s well-being.
  • Obese (adj) /əʊˈbiːs/: béo phì
  • Infect (v) /ɪnˈfekt/: lây nhiễm
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The meat had been infected with E. coli bacteria.
  • Addiction (n) /əˈdɪkʃn/: nghiện
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Addiction to smoking nicotine can increase lung cancer risk.
  • Mental illness /ˈmentl//ˈɪlnəs/: bệnh tâm lý
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • In modern society, mental illness is an example of a problem faced by every country in the world
  • A typical sign of deteriorating public health: Dấu hiệu điển hình của sức khỏe cộng đồng đang đi xuống
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • To combat the childhood obesity crisis: Chiến đấu với khủng hoảng béo phì ở trẻ em
  • Vaccine (n) /ˈvæksiːn/: vắc-xin
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Influenza vaccine should be provided to the poor by the government to prevent flu epidemic.
  • Nutrients (n) /ˈnjuːtriənt/: chất dinh dưỡng
  • Impaired (Adj) /ɪmˈpeəd/: khiếm khuyết, suy yếu
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • People with hearing-impaired will have to suffer from many difficulties in life.
  • Depression (n) /dɪˈpreʃn/: trầm cảm
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Depression after childbirth can have serious effect on women.
  • To encourage regular exercise and healthy diets: Khuyến khích luyện tập thường xuyên và ăn uống hợp lý
  • To receive appropriate nutrients from their food: Nhận chất dịnh dưỡng phù hợp từ thức ăn
  • Poor choice of diet for their kids: Lựa chọn chế độ ăn sai lầm cho con cái
  • To reduce one’s stress levels: giảm mức độ căng thẳng
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Listening to classical music can help reduce your stress levels.
  • To build up resistance to disease: tăng cường sức đề kháng bệnh
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Eating fruits and vegetable would build up children’s resistance to disease.
  • To go on a diet: ăn kiêng
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Youngsters tend to go on diet occasionally to keep fit.
  • To make a full recovery: hồi phục hoàn toàn
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Fortunately, the man has made a full recovery from heart stroke.
  • Side effects: tác dụng phụ
  • To choose healthy eating patterns that contain less sugar and fat: Chọn khẩu phần ăn chứa ít đường và chất béo
  • The sedentary lifestyle: Lối sống ít vận động
  • To have a balanced diet: có chế độ ăn uống cân bằng
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • It is essential for children to have a balanced diet for a healthy growth.
  • To be overweight: thừa cân
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Being overweight since young ages can lead to many serious health problems on growing up.
  • To alleviate (the) pain/symptoms: giảm đau/giảm triệu chứng
  • Curb the obesity epidemic: Kiểm soát và hạn chế sự tăng lên của tình hình béo phì

III. Phân tích

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Dạng opinion essay, nếu theo hướng TOTALLY có thể bố cục bài như sau:
    • Body 1: Nêu lí do thứ 1 vì sao TOTALLY AGREE 
        • Main idea: The role of a competent and responsible government is to ensure the well-being of its people. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Paraphrase từ "responsible" tiếng anh
        • Supporting idea: That is to say, if there is any serious threat to the people, as childhood obesity is, the government should be the one to first realize such a threat, introduce and put solutions into practice ( The government should encourage regular exercise & healthy diets). >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Từ vựng Topic Government/Politics IELTS
        • Example: 
    • Body 2: Nêu lí do thứ 2 vì sao TOTALLY AGREE
        • Main idea: Childhood obesity is caused by the fact that the government fails to enact legislations that prevent food companies from producing unhealthy convenience food as well as advertising them on mass media
        • Supporting idea: Advertisements on foods and drinks that contain high level of sugar and fat should be restricted on TV and other means of mass media. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Từ vựng topic Advertising
        • Example: Since 2017, a ban on junk foods and soft drinks advertisement before 9 p.m. has come into effect by the UK. 

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